All wasps and bees are members of the insect order Hymenoptera.
All Hymenoptera have two pairs of wings that are usually transparent and display a characteristic pattern of branching veins. Front and hind wings are linked by a row of tiny hooks. This wing structure distinguishes them from other major orders of insects such as the butterflies and moths, the beetles, and the flies.
There are four main stages in the life history – egg, larva, pupa and adult. The less specialized Hymenoptera are mostly herbivorous, while the more specialized members, including the wasps and bees, include many species that are parasites or predators. In fact parasitic Hymenoptera are among the most beneficial insects as they control the population of many pest insect species.
There are many species of both wasps and bees, with a wide array of different appearances and lifestyles. These most specialized of the Hymenoptera also have evolved a wide range of kinds of social organization. This means that they live in colonies of a few or many related individuals and often display some degree of division of duties, with different individuals playing different roles within the colony.
In Bumble Bee, Yellowjacket, Bald-faced Hornet and Paper Wasp colonies, only the queen overwinters. In Spring the queen emerges from hibernation and begins gathering food and building a new colony. After she has laid eggs and raised her first crop of workers, the workers take on the food-gathering and nest-building roles and the queen spends most of her time laying eggs.
Only honey bees have evolved a method of overwintering, involving stored energy reserves of honey, that allows most of the workers to survive with the queen. Their colonies have a substantial head start in spring and can reach large population sizes of 50,000 or more individuals.
Bumble bees develop small, poorly organized colonies in underground burrows or in clumps of dead grass or vegetation. The wasps and Bald-faced Hornet construct hexagonal cells for rearing their young made of paper, organized in horizontal sheets or combs. Yellowjacket Wasps and Bald-faced Hornets surround their nests with a multi-layered paper sheath, while the Paper Wasps leave the cells exposed. Honey bees build vertical combs of hexagonal cells made of wax, usually in hollow trees or other protected locations.
The common stinging wasps and bees are all social insects. They typically live in small to very large colonies with a single reproductive female, the queen. The majority of members of the colony are sterile females, termed workers. A smaller number are males.
The sting of these insects has become the primary means used to defend their colonies from their enemies, including other insects and a variety of reptiles, birds and mammals. In the larger colonies, certain workers function primarily as guards, with defence of the colony as their major role.
The ovipositor is a structure found in many insects that is used to deposit the eggs. In wasps and bees the ovipositor is frequently stiff and sharp and can be used to sting in defense. The development of venom glands means that the sting can be accompanied by the injection of a poison that increases the pain of the sting.
Pollen and nectar are the principal sources of meals for bees. Pollen is a positive powdery substance discovered within the head of flowers (left). Nectar is a sugar-rich liquid produced by vegetation. Wasps and hornets are normal scavengers feeding on different bugs (proper), meals left lying around and decaying fruit.
The presence of many bees, wasps or hornets flying around your private home is the principal indicator. These bugs can be trying to find meals and defending their nests. If their presence turns into a nuisance, then you might have a drawback.
The areas surrounding homes present various ideally suited houses for bees, wasps and hornets. A few of these areas embrace verandas, ceilings, attics, partitions, bushes and shrubs. The bugs will discover holes and small burrows and arrange nests, as a result of holes and burrows are sometimes close to meals sources (such as fallen fruit, flowers or nectar-producing vegetation).
These bugs are drawn to sweet substances or decaying supplies, so remove any meals supply. It is suggested you contact a skilled when you discover holes on the outside of your own home that might home nests for these flying trouble makers.
Tips for removal
effective control normally means elimination of the colony. Various traps and other devices are of little value in reducing the numbers of stinging insects in the area.
For all wasps and for Bumble Bees, the easiest way to remove a nest is to wait until early winter when several heavy frosts will have killed off all members of the colony except for the hibernating queen.
The best advice for colony removal in summer is to gain the assistance of a beekeeper or qualified insect control specialist. These individuals will have the kind of protective clothing that makes it possible to remove the nest without being stung.
If you must remove the nest yourself, do it at night when all of the workers and guards have returned to the nest. Introduce as much of the appropriate insecticide as possible into the nest in order to kill all of the workers and guards immediately.
When the nest is in an underground burrow or an enclosed space such as inside the wall of a building, removal will be especially difficult and hazardous. Again this is a job best left to the professional, for all of the insects must be eliminated before excavation or demolition to get at the nest can be attempted.